10 consonants/diagraphs: p, t, k, m, n, ng, wh, h, w, r
- Short vowels are pronounced as /a, e, i, ɔ, u/
- Long vowels are indicated with a macron: ā, ē, ī, ō, ū
- Long and short vowels are phonemic. For example, keke (cake), kekē (creak), kēkē (armpit).
- The consonant ‘t’ sounds like /t/ before the vowels i and u, but /d/ before the vowels a, e, o
- ‘wh’ is pronounced as ‘f’(or possibly a bilabial fricative, such as found in Japanese)
- ‘r’ is a tap/flap, but there are dialectal differences
- kia ora (welcome)
- tēnā koe (hello to one person), tēnā kōrua (hello to two people), tēnā koutou (hello to three or more people)
- tēnā koe (thankyou to one person), tēnā kōrua (thankyou to two people), tēnā koutou (thankyou to three or more people)
- Ui mai koe ki ahau he aha te mea nui o te ao, Māku e kī atu he tangata, he tangata, he tangata! (Ask me what is the greatest thing in the world, I will reply: It is people, it is people, it is people)
Niwa, H. (2009). Pronounce Māori with confidence. Auckland: Reed Publishing.
Reed, A. W. (2001) The Reed concise Māori dictionary (6th ed). Auckland: Reed Publishing.