December 14, 2017

Congratulations Suzanne on your PhD graduation

Today Suzanne Hopf  graduated with her PhD at Charles Sturt University. She traveled from Fiji with her family to attend. Charles Sturt University selected Suzanne to profile in a media release which is here. Suzanne's PhD was titled Supporting Fijian Children’s Communication. It was presented as a series of publications: 8 journal articles and a book chapter.
Suzanne with her supervisors:
Professor Sharynne McLeod, Dr Sarah McDonagh, and Dr Audrey Wang
PhD graduates from the Faculty of Arts and Education
The Communication Capacity Research model developed within her PhD has been published in a recent article:
Hopf, S. C. (2018). Communication Capacity Research in the Majority World: Supporting the human right to communication specialist services. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. doi:10.1080/17549507.2018.1400101

Here is her PhD abstract
Purpose. Fiji is a multicultural and linguistically multi-competent country. Historical ethnic divisions have socialised students into language friendships based around common languages. Recent changes to educational policy, specifically the mandating of students learning all three of the main languages in Fiji (Standard Fijian, Fiji Hindi, and English), have been introduced in the hope that cross-linguistic understanding will encourage a greater sense of national identity amongst all Fijians regardless of ethnicity. This study explores one multilingual school environment considering students’ language use, attitudes, and friendships in light of these policy changes.
Methodology. A convergent mixed-methods research design using surveying, artefact collection, student's drawing, and observation was employed.
Findings. The majority of students reported some proficiency in the language of their inter-ethnic peers; however, students’ inter-ethnic friendships predominantly relied on English language use. It was observed that most friendships amongst these Fijian primary school students were still established according to main language use at home; however, inter-ethnic peer interaction in English was observed to be friendly and respectful. These language use patterns and friendship behaviours were potentially reinforced by individual and societal multilingualism, in addition to the school environment.
Originality. The paper presents the first research linking Fijian primary school students’ language choices and friendship development.
Congratulations Suzanne!
School of Teacher Education staff at graduation

December 13, 2017

Impact of our work in South Africa

Our work has been used to inform the development of human rights-driven guidelines for South African speech-language pathologists. The following manuscript has just been published online, and uses
 This is an exciting impact of our work.

Pascoe, M., Klop, D., Mdlalo T., & Ndhambi, M. (2017). Beyond lip service: Towards human rights-driven guidelines for South African speech-language pathologists. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, Advance online publication.

December 12, 2017

A long and productive research partnership

Today Linda Harrison and I worked together on revisions of an important paper that we hope will be published next year some time. Linda and I have had a very long partnership beginning when I was allocated an office across the hallway from Linda. Together we received one research excellence award, 5 grants, co-supervised 3 research students, and written 27 publications (book chapters and articles) as well as presented many conference papers. We have undertaken research and writing  about children's speech and language that have been highly cited.

Here are some of the papers about children's speech and language we have published together:
  1. Harrison, L. J., & McLeod, S. (2010). Risk and protective factors associated with speech and language impairment in a nationally representative sample of 4- to 5-year-old children. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 53(2), 508-529. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2009/08-0086)
  2. Harrison, L. J., McLeod, S., Berthelsen, D., & Walker, S. (2009). Literacy, numeracy, and learning in school-aged children identified as having speech and language impairment in early childhood. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 11(5), 392-403. doi:doi:10.1080/17549500903093749
  3. Harrison, L. J., McLeod, S., McAllister, L., & McCormack, J. (2017). Speech sound disorders in preschool children: Correspondence between clinical diagnosis and teacher and parent report. Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 22(1), 35-48. doi:10.1080/19404158.2017.1289964
  4. Holliday, E. L., Harrison, L. J., & McLeod, S. (2009). Listening to children with communication impairment talking through their drawings. Journal of Early Childhood Research, 7(3), 244-263. doi:10.1177/1476718x09336969
  5. McAllister, L., McCormack, J., McLeod, S., & Harrison, L. J. (2011). Expectations and experiences of accessing and participating in services for childhood speech impairment. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 13(3), 251-267. doi:10.3109/17549507.2011.535565
  6. McCormack, J., Harrison, L. J., McLeod, S., & McAllister, L. (2011). A nationally representative study of the association between communication impairment at 4-5 years and children's life activities at 7-9 years. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 54(5), 1328-1348. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2011/10-0155)
  7. McCormack, J., McAllister, L., McLeod, S., & Harrison, L. J. (2012). Knowing, having, doing: The battles of childhood speech impairment. Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 28(2), 141-157. doi:10.1177/0265659011417313
  8. McCormack, J., McLeod, S., Harrison, L. J., & McAllister, L. (2010). The impact of speech impairment in early childhood: Investigating parents' and speech-language pathologists' perspectives using the ICF-CY. Journal of Communication Disorders, 43(5), 378-396.
  9. McCormack, J., McLeod, S., McAllister, L., & Harrison, L. J. (2009). A systematic review of the association between childhood speech impairment and participation across the lifespan. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 11(2), 155-170.
  10. McCormack, J., McLeod, S., McAllister, L., & Harrison, L. J. (2010). My speech problem, your listening problem, and my frustration: The experience of living with childhood speech impairment. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 41(4), 379-392. doi:10.1044/0161-1461(2009/08-0129)
  11. McLeod, S., & Harrison, L. J. (2009). Epidemiology of speech and language impairment in a nationally representative sample of 4- to 5-year-old children. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 52(5), 1213-1229. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2009/08-0085)
  12. McLeod, S., Harrison, L. J., & McCormack, J. (2012). Intelligibility in Context Scale: Validity and reliability of a subjective rating measure. Journal of  Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 55, 648-656. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2011/10-0130)
  13. McLeod, S., Harrison, L. J., McAllister, L., & McCormack, J. (2013). Speech sound disorders in a community study of preschool children. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 22(3), 503-522. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2012/11-0123)
  14. McLeod, S., Harrison, L. J., Whiteford, C., & Walker, S. (2016). Multilingualism and speech-language competence in early childhood: Impact on academic and social-emotional outcomes at school. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 34, 53-66. doi:10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.08.005
  15. McLeod, S., McAllister, L., McCormack, J., & Harrison, L. J. (2014). Applying the World Report on Disability to children’s communication. Disability and Rehabilitation, 36(18), 1518-1528. doi:10.3109/09638288.2013.833305
  16. McLeod, S., McCormack, J., McAllister, L., Harrison, L. J., & Holliday, E. L. (2011). Listening to 4- to 5-year-old children with speech impairment using drawings, interviews and questionnaires. In S. Roulstone & S. McLeod (Eds.), Listening to children and young people with speech, language and communication needs. (pp. 179-186). London: J&R Press.
  17. Phạm, B., McLeod, S., & Harrison, L. J. (2017). Validation and norming of the Intelligibility in Context Scale in Northern Viet Nam. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 31(7-9), 665-681. doi:10.1080/02699206.2017.1306110
  18. Wang, C., Harrison, L. J., McLeod, S., Walker, S., & Spilt, J. L. (2017). Can teacher–child relationships support human rights to freedom of opinion and expression, education and participation? International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/17549507.2018.1408855
     

December 9, 2017

Human Rights Awards

Yesterday I attended the Australian Human Rights Awards celebration in Sydney. There were over 500 people in attendance, with inspiring speeches Rosalind Croucher (President, Australian Human Rights Commission), Alistair McEwan (Disability Discrimination Commissioner), Ed Santow (Human Rights Commissioner), Megan Mitchell (Children's Commissioner), George Brandis (Attorney-General for Australia) and the award winners. The 69th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights will be celebrated tomorrow (10th December).

December 6, 2017

Developing the waiting for speech pathology website

Over the past few months, my PhD student Nicole McGill has been working hard with the team from Bathurst and Dubbo Community Health to develop content for our waiting for speech pathology website. She has had over 100 responses to the online survey and will be conducting focus groups soon. Our work is supported by a NSW Health Translational Research Grant scheme and is part of Nicole's PhD.
The front page of the online survey

December 2, 2017

Writing together on different sides of the world

While Dr Sarah Masso has been in Canada on her Endeavour Scholarship, we have been able to continue writing together. We have submitted a book chapter and finalised some journal articles based on data from the Sound Start Study. Here is the information about our invited book chapter:
  • McLeod, S. & Masso, S. (2017, submitted). Speech sound disorders in children. In J. S. Horst & J. von Koss Torkildsen (Eds.). International handbook of language development. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.
Writing with Sarah Masso via Skype on different sides of the world
Also, I have been writing with Dr Kate Crowe who is now working at the Rochester Institute of Technology in New York State. Our most recent task has to finalise revisions of a manuscript. It is great to continue writing with these scholars and colleagues.
Kate wearing her gift from my PhD students' recent visit to ASHA in LA

November 30, 2017

Higher Degree by Research Symposium

This week three of my PhD students (Helen Blake, Ben Pham and Nicole McGill) went to Wagga Wagga to participate in the Charles Sturt University Higher Degree by Research Symposium. They have come back with stories of collegiality, learning, and confirmation of what they already know and do.
Lisa McLean (Research Officer, Faculty of Arts and Education),
Helen Blake, Ben Pham

November 28, 2017

2017 achievements

Today I had my annual performance management review with my head of school. It is a time to consider productivity for the year. Here is a list of what I reported for 2017 thanks to the amazing team of people (students, postdocs, and colleagues) I work with:
  • Awarded: 4 grants ($650,567 in funding) 
  • Published/in press: 1 book, 7 encyclopaedia entries, 6 book chapters, 20 journal articles, 2 commissioned reports
  • Presented/co-authored: 3 invited conference presentations, 21 peer reviewed conference presentations (published abstracts) in Australia, Japan, Scotland UK, US, Greece, Germany, and Viet Nam
  • Submitted (in addition to above): 2 grants, 1 book chapter, 10 journal articles

November 23, 2017

Charles Sturt University's Academic Senate

I am an elected member of Charles Sturt University's Academic Senate, representing the Professors' Forum. We meet face-to-face five times each year. Yesterday was our last meeting for the year in Wagga Wagga where we said farewell to Professor Jo-Anne Reid as the Presiding Officer of Academic Senate.
Members of Academic Senate

November 21, 2017

Can teacher-child relationships support human rights to freedom of opinion and expression, education, and participation?

The following manuscript has been accepted for publication

Wang, C., Harrison, L. J., McLeod, S., Walker, S., & Spilt, J. L. (2017, in press November). Can teacher-child relationships support human rights to freedom of opinion and expression, education, and participation? International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology.

Here is the abstract:
Purpose: This study explored how teacher-child relationships change over the early school years, in terms of closeness and conflict, whether these trajectories differ in type and frequency for children with typical development and children with speech and language concern (SLC), and whether the trajectories are associated with school outcomes at 12-13 years.
Method: Participants were children, parents, and teachers in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Parents identified 2,890 children with typical communication and 1,442 children with SLC. Teacher-rated teacher-child closeness and conflict were collected biennially over six years. Academic and social-emotional outcomes were reported by teachers and children. Growth mixture modelling was conducted to generate teacher-child relationship trajectories and Wald’s chi-square analyses were used to test the association between trajectories and school outcomes at 12-13 years, after controlling for a range of covariates including child’s sex, language background, indigenous status, age, and socio-economic position.
Result: In both groups, the majority of children had teacher-child relationship trajectories with sustained high closeness and low conflict that predicted positive outcomes at age 12-13, but the SLC group was more at risk of less positive trajectories and poorer school outcomes.
Conclusion: Close, less conflicted relationships with teachers may provide a supportive context for later language, literacy, and social-emotional development. This study highlights the role of teachers in supporting children in their development of communication and academic skills that will optimise their capacity for freedom of opinions and expression, education, and participation, as enshrined in Articles 19, 26 and 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Xuan's visit re Southern Vietnamese children's speech acquisition

This week Xuan Le (Lê Thị Thanh Xuân) is visiting Bathurst to work with Ben Pham and myself to analyse and write up speech acquisition data collected with children from Southern Vietnam. Xuan is a co-author of the Vietnamese Speech Assessment (VSA, Pham, Le, & McLeod, 2016) and we have been collecting data from the north and south of Viet Nam to finalise our examiner's manual for the VSA and write a supporting journal article. The data from the south were collected with support from a Trinh Foundation Australia grant. This is the fourth time Xuan has visited me in Bathurst.
Xuan Le, Ninh Dang Vu, Ben Pham and Sharynne working together in Bathurst
Celebrating Xuan's birthday in Bathurst
At the end of the week we submitted an article to be considered by an international journal
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November 15, 2017

Discussing research with Vietnamese children with the Bilingual Development in Context Lab at SDSU

While visiting San Diego State University, Dr. Giang Pham welcomed Ben Pham and I to her Bilingual Development in Context Lab. We discussed our research with Vietnamese children (including our new ARC Discovery grant) with her research assistants and students, and learned about their research about Vietnamese children's language skills undertaken in San Diego and Ha Noi, Viet Nam. We look forward to this productive exchange continuing into the future.
Members of Dr Giang Pham and Dr Sonja Pruitt-Lord's labs
Lunch with members of Dr Giang Pham's lab

Presentations at San Diego State University

This week Dr. Giang Pham  invited Ben Pham and I to visit San Diego State University. While visiting we met with faculty and students and presented some seminars.
Attendees at Monday's seminar
  • On Monday I presented a seminar titled "Multilingual Children's Speech: A World Tour" to students, staff and speech-language pathologists from within the community. 
  • On Tuesday, Ben, Giang and I presented our invited seminar from the ASHA convention titled "Vietnamese children’s speech and language: Latest clinical research" We presented to the staff and students in the research laboratories.
Ben and Sharynne at San Diego State University

Visiting the Confucius Institute at SDSU

Today Ben Pham and I visited Professor Lilly Cheng at the newly opened building for the Confucius Institute at San Diego State University (SDSU). We were honoured to participate in the tea ceremony and to have a tai chi display and concert. Lilly welcomed us into her new office, taught us Chinese calligraphy and showed us many very special Chinese artifacts.
We visited because Professor Cheng is the President of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (and I am Deputy Chair of the Child Speech Committee).
Professor Lilly Cheng in her office
Ben learning calligraphy
Participating in the tea ceremony

November 14, 2017

Meeting with the International Communication Project

Yesterday I was invited to present to the International Communication Project members about our work on the special issue of IJSLP to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Members of the ICP are the presidents, CEOs and other office holders of:
Professor Pam Enderby, the incoming president of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics also was present. It was a productive meeting.

November 13, 2017

Working on the second edition of Interventions for Children with Speech Sound Disorders

While at the ASHA convention we finalised plans to work on the second edition of Interventions for Children with Speech Sound Disorders with Astrid Zuckermann, Melissa Behms and Stephanie Henderson from Paul H. Brookes Publishing. I look forward to working with my co-editors Dr Lynn Williams and Dr Rebecca McCauley, and all of our outstanding authors throughout the world.
Sharynne, Rebecca McCauley, Lynn Williams, Astrid Zuckermann, Stephanie Henderson

November 10, 2017

New ARC Discovery grant: Vietnamese-Australian children's speech and language competence

Today Sarah Verdon and I learned that we received an Australian Research Council Discovery Grant to undertake a project titled: "Vietnamese-Australian children's speech and language competence"(DP180102848). We have been awarded $312,051 for 2018-2020.
The ARC announcement is here
The CSU media release is here
Here is the proposal summary:
This Project aims to support Vietnamese-Australian children and families to maintain their home language, enhance speech skills in Vietnamese and English and equip English-speaking professionals to support multilingual children’s speech. The Project expects to develop a database of Vietnamese-Australian children’s speech acquisition and a Vietnamese-English speech program. Expected outcomes include enhanced language maintenance and scalable prototypes for other languages. Since the Vietnamese community are one of Australia’s largest migrant groups this Project should provide cultural, economic and social benefits for Australia including increased multilingualism, social cohesion, and enhanced capacity to participate in a globalised economy.
We are very excited to begin working on this project.
The ARC made their grants announcement while I was presenting an invited 1-hour session with Ben Pham and Giang Pham titled "Vietnamese children's speech and language: Latest clinical research" at the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association convention in Los Angeles.

This year the ARC received 3,152 Discovery proposals and funded 18.5%. Funding was, on average 65.8% of the requested budgets. Charles Sturt University had a 25% success rate.
Celebrating the announcement of the grant at the ASHA convention in LA with Ben, Thora, Helen, Suzanne

The size of the ASHA convention

At the ASHA convention in LA there are 13,000+ delegates and 2,500+ sessions comprised of 38 short courses, 637 oral seminars, 261 flash sessions, and 1798 posters! There were over 500 international delegates (more than ever before) attending from 55 countries.
A small section of the exhibit hall
It's not Hollywood - it's ASHAwood
Thank you to the ASHA staff who organise the convention each year,
including my friend Gina Olwoch

November 9, 2017

Networking at the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Convention

While at the ASHA convention, my students and I have enjoyed talking with many researchers we quote in our work.
Thora Masdottir (Iceland), Ben Pham, Suzanne Hopf, Lynn Williams (ASHA Vice President), Helen Blake, Anna Cronin, Karla Washington (University of Cincinnati)
Suzanne Hopf met her PhD examiners: Carol Westby and Brenda Louw
Anna Cronin, Ben Pham, Lilly Cheng, Dolores Battle, Helen Blake
Kathy Chapman, Mary Hardin-Jones, Anna Cronin, Nancy Scherer
Sharynne, Larry Shriberg (UWisconsin-Madison), Helen Blake
Pam Enderby (incoming President of IALP) and Sharynne

Presentations at the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Convention in LA

Ben Pham, Helen Blake, Suzanne Hopf, Anna Cronin and Sharynne at ASHA
My students, post docs and I are presenting eleven papers and posters at the at the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Convention in LA from 9-11 November:
  1. Blake, H. L., Bennetts Kneebone, L. & McLeod, S. - Humanitarian migrants’ oral English proficiency and self sufficiency. Poster. 
  2. Blake, H. L., & McLeod, S. (2017, November). Intelligibility enhancement for multilingual university staff and students: A retrospective record review. Oral paper.
  3. Cronin, A., McLeod, S., & Verdon, S. - Toddlers with cleft palate: Speech practices across four continents. Poster. 
  4. Hopf, S. C., McLeod, S., & McDonagh, S. H. - Validation of the Intelligibility in Context Scale for multilingual Fijian school children. Poster. 
  5. Hopf, S. C., McLeod, S., McDonagh, S. H., & Wang, C. - Culturally-sensitive practices supporting children's communication in Majority World countries: A Fijian perspective. Poster.
  6. Masso, S., McLeod, S., Baker, E., & McCormack, J. - Polysyllables and emergent literacy development in preschool children with speech sound disorders. Oral paper. 
  7. McGill, N., - Animation for education: The Speech-Language Pathology Referrals project. Poster.
  8. Phạm, B., McLeod, S., & Harrison, L. J. - Assessing Vietnamese children’s intelligibility. Poster. 
  9. Pham, G., Phạm, B., & McLeod, S. - Vietnamese children’s speech and language: Latest clinical research. Invited 1 hour seminar.
  10. Verdon, S., McLeod, S., & Wong, S. - The Principles of Culturally Competent Practice for speech-language pathologists. Oral paper. 
  11. Washington, K. N., & McLeod, S. - Global tools and resources for pediatric SLPs: Supporting children around the world. Invited 1 hour seminar. 
Helen Blake's presentation
Ben Pham's presentation
Ben's poster: Sharynne, Thanh and Ben Pham
Anna's poster: Thora Masdottir (Iceland), Anna Cronin, Kathy Chapman (USA), Sharynne
Suzanne's poster: Thora Masdottir, Suzanne Hopf (Fiji), Helen Blake, Anna Cronin, Tricia McCabe
Nicole's poster: Travis Threats (USA), Sharynne, Bernice Mathisen (Australia), Seyhun Topbas (Turkey), an SLP (USA)

Ben Pham's poster received a Most Meritorious Poster Award

November 7, 2017

Enjoying LA with my PhD students

Most of my PhD students and I work in different cities and countries, so when we go to conferences we really enjoy spending time together. For a few days before the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association convention in Los Angeles, we enjoyed some of the highlights of LA.
Ben and Sharynne visiting Santa Monica
Helen, Ben, Sharynne, Minh, Ninh, and Anna
visiting the Happiest Place on Earth
Suzanne and Sharynne in Hollywood

November 2, 2017

Siblings of children with hearing loss

Some time ago Kate Crowe, Jacqui Barr and I were invited to write a piece titled "Siblings of children with hearing loss" for the Oxford University Press eBulletin  Raising and Educating Deaf Children: Foundations for Policy, Practice and Outcomes. It has been posted online here: http://www.raisingandeducatingdeafchildren.org/2017/10/16/siblings-of-children-with-hearing-loss/

October 30, 2017

Celebrating an important manuscript submission

Typically on this blog I celebrate manuscripts that are accepted for publication. I rarely talk about the long process of planning, gaining ethics approval, data collection, analysis, writing, submission, revisions, final acceptance, and page proofing that sometimes lasts years. Today Ben Pham submitted the main paper from her research in Vietnam. It has been a 3+ year process to get to this point - and we were very excited to submit it this afternoon. Congratulations Ben.
Congratulations Ben

October 28, 2017

Impact: Speech sound disorders in preschool and school-age children

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) have just launched a journal self-study course for their members titled "Speech Sound Disorders in Preschool and School-Age Children (WEB3250)". It contains learning based around four journal articles, and two of the four were written by our team, with a third being written by our colleagues Yvonne Wren and Sue Roulstone from the UK. It is very exciting to have had our work selected by ASHA and will increase the impact of our work across the US and the world. The selected papers in the self-study course are:
  1. Stimulus Characteristics of Single-Word Tests of Children's Speech Sound Production - Toby Macrae 
  2. Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Effectiveness of Computer-Assisted Intervention Delivered by Educators for Children With Speech Sound Disorders - Sharynne McLeod, Elise Baker, Jane McCormack, Yvonne Wren, Sue Roulstone, Kathryn Crowe, Sarah Masso, Paul White, and Charlotte Howland 
  3. Polysyllable Speech Accuracy and Predictors of Later Literacy Development in Preschool Children With Speech Sound Disorders - Sarah Masso, Elise Baker, Sharynne McLeod, and Cen Wang 
  4. Prevalence and Predictors of Persistent Speech Sound Disorder at Eight Years Old: Findings From a Population Cohort Study - Yvonne Wren, Laura L. Miller, Tim J. Peters, Alan Emond, and Sue Roulstone 
Here is the summary of the course from the ASHA website:
Children with speech sound disorders make up a large part of the caseload for many SLPs who work with preschool and school-age children. Speech sound disorders not only affect a child’s ability to communicate at a young age but also may lead to later speech and literacy difficulties. This journal self-study explores issues related to managing speech sound disorders, including assessment and treatment options. It also includes articles that identify predictors of future speech and literacy problems. Clinicians can use this information to help identify appropriate assessment tools and potential treatment options, as well as counsel parents and teachers of children who may be at risk for continuing speech and academic difficulties.

October 26, 2017

Visiting Broken Hill University Department of Rural Health

Today I spent time at the Broken Hill University Department of Rural Health. I had lunch with the La Trobe University speech pathology students who are on their final year placement working in schools throughout the region (thanks for organising lunch Sarah and Alisha). I enjoyed meeting this enthusiastic group of students and discussing their placements, rural practice, and international research. I also had the opportunity to meet with Claire Brunero (Speech Pathology Academic), Dr Debra Jones (Director or Primary Health Care) and Professor David Lyle (Head of Department of Rural Health). It was great to hear their passion and advocacy for rural health.

La Trobe University speech pathology students
Prof David Lyle, Dr Debra Jones, Prof Sharynne McLeod